For almost 30 centuries—from its unification around B. The main sources of information about ancient Egypt are the many monuments, objects and artifacts that have been recovered from archaeological sites, covered with hieroglyphs that have only recently been deciphered. The picture that emerges is of a culture with few equals in the beauty of its art, the accomplishment of its architecture or the richness of its religious traditions. Few written records or artifacts have been found from the Predynastic Period, which encompassed at least 2, years of gradual development of the Egyptian civilization. Neolithic late Stone Age communities in northeastern Africa exchanged hunting for agriculture and made early advances that paved the way for the later development of Egyptian arts and crafts, technology, politics and religion including a great reverence for the dead and possibly a belief in life after death.
Top 10 Outstanding Ancient Egyptian Paintings
Ancient Egyptian Art Lessons
The Met collection of ancient Egyptian art consists of approximately 26, objects of artistic, historical, and cultural importance, dating from the Paleolithic to the Roman period ca. More than half of the collection is derived from the Museum's thirty-five years of archaeological work in Egypt, initiated in in response to increasing Western interest in the culture of ancient Egypt. The Department of Egyptian Art was established in to oversee the Museum's already sizable collection of art from ancient Egypt. The collection had been growing since thanks to individual gifts from benefactors and acquisition of private collections such as the Drexel Collection in , the Farman Collection in , and the Ward Collection in , as well as through yearly subscriptions, from onward, to the Egypt Exploration Fund, a British organization that conducted archaeological excavations in Egypt and donated a share of its finds to subscribing institutions. Also in , the Museum's Board of Trustees voted to establish an Egyptian Expedition to conduct archaeological excavations at several sites along the Nile. Instrumental in this decision was J.
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Egyptian art and architecture
After the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great , the independent rule of pharaohs in the strict sense came to an end. The most lasting impression of the new period is made by its architectural legacy. Although very little survives of important funerary architecture, there is a group of tombs at Tunah al-Jabal of unusual form and great importance.
Gift of Landon T. Reisner between and The collection of Egyptian funerary art is equally rich, with coffins, sarcophagi, canopic jars, and figurines known as shawabtys.